Presenter: Hannes Kröger (EUI)
When: Tuesday, 10 November 2015, 13h30-15h00
Where: Seminar Room 2, Badia Fiesolana
Abstract: The study investigates the reciprocal relationship between sickness absence and job status and the moderating role of gender and occupational gender composition using a new Bayesian method for evaluating hypotheses about moderation effects. Associations between job status and subsequent sickness absence and vice versa are estimated for men and women in three groups of differing occupational gender composition, using data from the German Socio-economic Panel Study (SOEP). For the purpose of moderation analysis, this study employs a new method based on Bayesian statistics, which has many advantages, compared to traditional null hypothesis significance testing. The results show that the relationship between sickness absence and job status is mutually reinforcing. The data support the hypothesis that the pathway from sickness absence to job status is strongest for men in female-dominated and women in male-dominated occupations. The opposite pathway is, in general, stronger for men than for women, regardless of occupational gender composition. The paper introduces a useful new methodology for general sociological use, and highlights the specific importance of differentiating between gender on the individual and occupational level when considering moderation effects in the relationship between job status and sickness absence.