Presenter: Albert Arcarons (EUI)
Co-author: Jacobo Muñoz-Comet (Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Spain)
When: Thursday 12th Janary, 13.30-15.00.
Where: Seminar Room 3, Badia Fiesolana
Abstract: In this article we study the labour market integration of 1.5 generation immigrants in Spain, one of the top receivers among new migration countries in Europe in the last two decades. Using panel data from the Spanish Labour Force Survey (2008-2016), we focus on occupational attainment and upward mobility. Results show that the experience of the 1.5 generation in the labour market is, other things being equal, similar to that of natives, regardless of ethnic origin and gender. First generation immigrants from Latin America, Africa, and Eastern Europe, however, are ceteris paribus more likely to work in low-skilled occupations. These three ethnic origingroups have the same probability as natives of moving up, largely because they are overrepresented in unskilled jobs where promotions are more likely. The low occupational mobility of the Spanish labour market, however, does not allow first generation immigrants any compensation for the mismatch of their qualifications and skills upon arrival. We conclude that, from the beginning, the 1.5 generation achieves a better match between their competences and labour market demand, an outcome which is mainly driven by their more favourable conditions of access to the labour market.