Presenter: Nazareno Panichella (University of Milan)
When: Tuesday 24th January, 15.00-16.30.
Where: Sala del capitolo, Badia Fiesolana
Abstract: This work studies the labour market integration of a single migrants group, the Southern Italian, towards two destinations: Northern Italy and West-Germany. The aim is to analyse whether the labour market trajectories vary through institutional contexts or follow the same integration pathway across different receiving societies. In doing this, this work expands the literature in two directions. On the one hand, it stresses the importance of macro-features of the host society for studying migrants’ integration process. On the other hand, it highlights similarities and differences between internal and international migration. The empirical analyses are based on the Longitudinal Survey on Italian Households (ILHS) and the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP), by means of Duration and Logit models. Results show that in both cases Southern migrants had higher probability of being employed than the native local population, but their inclusion took place at lower levels of the class structure. However, the higher rigidity and the strong emphasis on vocational training of the German labour market pushed Southern migrants into the unskilled urban working class. In Northern Italy, on the contrary, the possibility of entering the public sector facilitated their inclusion in the middle classes. Despite those differences, in both destinations Southern migrants had lower opportunities of upward social mobility than the native population.